Patan also known as Lalitpur means the city of arts. It is located on lovely little plateau across the Bagmati river only 6 km. southeast of Kathmandu city. This city founded in 3rd century AD by King Veer dev has a finest Newa crafts since time immemorial and is considered oldest of all three cities of Kathmandu valley. It has hundreds of fascinating Hindu and Buddhist monuments scattered in and around. Most of the monuments in this square date back to the medieval Malla period from 15th to 18th century as the golden period of Nepalese art and architecture. The important things to be seen in this areas included the golden gate and golden window of the old palace, the beautiful piece of traditional metal crafts, the famed Krishna temple with 21 golden pinnacles, the royal bath of Sundari chock, a perfect piece of the classic work in stone, royal Taleju temple, Vishwanath temple, and the charnarayan temple are the finest examples of the unique craftsmanship in wood; the temple of Bhimsen with the magnificent golden balcony overlooking the squre outside and many other shrines and sculptures scattered in and around the square like golden temple, Kumbheshwor, mahaboudha etc.